Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a landlocked sovereign country in South Asia. Relatively small in size with an area of 147,181 sq km, this country is filled with many different ethnic groups, customs and traditions mirrored in a superbly diverse geography. Life here contemplates around an intertwined blend of ancient Hindu and Buddhist ritualism. Dispersed across these varied altitudes are communities of colorful cultures and people, lively cities, towns and far-flung mountain villages many untouched by contemporary progression.
Nepal is passing through a momentous and prolonged political transition. In the past five years, Nepal has seen the abolition of its monarchy, the signing of a peace agreement between the Maoists and the state, a new Interim Constitution, the election of a Constituent Assembly (which declared Nepal a federal republic), five governments, and the rise of a strong ethnic identity movement. The conflict raised awareness that the Nepali state had been associated with exclusionary political, social and economic institutions that did not reflect the country’s diversity, has led to the rise of identity politics with an increasing demand for state recognition and greater accommodation of diverse social, cultural, and ethnic identities.
Yet with unique variation and varied ecosystem the country is densely rich in tropical and alpine forests swarmed with diverse wildlife, great peaks of the world, frozen valleys, deep gorges, mysterious canyons, fast and furious rivers, running hills and cool and calm lakes. Nepal bags a colorful array of vibrant cultures, exotic traditions, feasts and festivals lined up every month, unique and wonderful art and architecture and the warm hospitality that people share with each other. All these have made Nepal a living museum that people cannot resist to explore.