Bhutan is located on the southern slopes of the eastern Himalayas, landlocked between the Tibet Autonomous Region to the north and the Indian states of Sikkim, West Bengal, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh to the west and south. Bhutan is perhaps the most pristine of all remote land hidden on the southern slopes of the Himalayas. Surrounded by high mountains, following a culture that is strange and interesting, ruled over by a king, protected by Druk Yul, the thunder dragon, yet the country still retains the flavor of the past. Centuries long isolated, inaccessible and forbidden, this tiny kingdom offers most fascinating yet untouched natural beauty, unique cultural and ancient tradition in our world of today. The Kingdom is spread over 47,000 sq kms with varied climatic conditions ranging from sub tropical to the frigid reaches of almost 25,000 feet snow capped ranges of the Tibetan border.
Bhutan follows the Drukpa sect of Tibetan Buddhism, with Hinduism concentrated in the South. The religion here is strong and its traditional ways are still intact. The northern region of the country consists of an arc of Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows reaching up to glaciated mountain peaks with an extremely cold climate at the highest elevations. Most peaks in the north are over 7,000 m above sea level and the highest point in Bhutan is Gangkhar Puensum at 7,570 m which has the distinction of being the highest unclimbed mountain in the world. The lowest point, at 98 m watered by snow-fed rivers, alpine valleys in this region provide pasture for livestock, tended by a sparse population of migratory shepherds.